Mens-rea and Actus-reus

Mens-rea is a mental intention of the wrong doer whose intention is to cause damage to any party fraudulent or dishonestly. Mere Mens-rea is enough to punish a person and convict him. 

Actus-reus is a physical act that is to be performed by a person and that action should cause damage to the other. However there is an exception to the above statement, a person without any mental intention causes injury accidentally is not liable to be punished as there is no mens rea in the act. 

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